Sweeping Changes Ahead: Australia’s Comprehensive Vaping Reforms Bill 2024

The Vaping Reforms Bill 2024, set to reshape the landscape of vaping regulation in Australia, introduces stringent controls on the manufacture, importation, and distribution of vaping products. These reforms aim to curb the health risks associated with vaping while ensuring access for therapeutic purposes under strict conditions. This article delves into the key aspects of the bill and its implications for various stakeholders.

Key Provisions and Timeline

  1. Effective Date: The new regulations took effect on July 1, 2024, with significant changes expected to unfold in phases until October 2024​.
  2. Manufacture and Supply Restrictions: From July 1, 2024, the domestic manufacture, supply, and commercial possession of non-therapeutic and disposable single-use vapes are prohibited. Only pharmacies are authorized to distribute vapes, ending sales through tobacconists, vape shops, and convenience stores​.
  3. Flavour and Nicotine Limits: Therapeutic vapes are limited to mint, menthol, and tobacco flavors. The maximum allowable nicotine concentration is set at 100 mg/mL. From October 1, 2024, vapes with nicotine concentrations of 20 mg/mL or less will be available to adults without a prescription, provided a pharmacist deems it appropriate. Higher concentrations and vapes for those under 18 will require a prescription​​.

Enforcement and Compliance

  1. Advertising Ban: The bill imposes a comprehensive ban on the advertising and promotion of vapes across all media, including social media. This aims to reduce the appeal of vaping to minors and non-smokers​​.
  2. Supply Chain Control: Only established pharmaceutical supply chains are permitted to distribute vapes. This restriction is enforced through stringent border controls, with the Australian Border Force (ABF) leading the charge against unlawful imports​.
  3. Penalties for Non-Compliance: New criminal and civil penalties include up to 7 years in jail and fines up to $21.91 million per contravention. These penalties target commercial entities involved in the illegal supply chain rather than individual users​.

Impact on Stakeholders

  1. Pharmacies: Pharmacies are now the central point of distribution for therapeutic vapes. They must ensure compliance with product standards and assess the clinical appropriateness of vapes for customers without a prescription from October 1, 2024​.
  2. Consumers: Consumers seeking therapeutic vapes will experience greater regulatory oversight. Adults will have more accessible options for lower nicotine vapes, while higher concentrations and underage access remain strictly controlled​.
  3. Manufacturers and Retailers: Non-pharmacy retailers face a complete ban on vape sales. Manufacturers must adhere to new product standards, including specific flavor and nicotine limits, to remain compliant​​.


The Vaping Reforms Bill 2024 represents a significant shift in Australia’s approach to vaping regulation. By enforcing stringent controls on the supply chain and advertising, the government aims to mitigate health risks while preserving access for therapeutic use. These measures reflect a broader commitment to reducing tobacco and vape use, aligning with the National Tobacco Strategy 2023-2030.

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